Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over a million people die, many of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The key areas where malaria disease is found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, in which the host mosquito, from the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You will find four types of malaria parasite that will infect humans they may be; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. The time required for progression of the parasite in the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi come into exposure to insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that using the same technology one day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. Exactly the same technology may be used once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.